Leading in organizations is the process of influencing people so that they will contribute to organizational aims. Leading involves communicating what is needed to be done by various persons in the organization, providing leadership which includes understanding the needs of the followers and matching them with the needs of the organization and motivating which is concerned once with the needs of the members of the organization with the rewards and job roles.
Leading is practiced differently in different countries.
In Japan, managers are seen as social integrators and are also part of work group. Managers show paternalistic leadership approach and show great concern for the welfare of their subordinates. Managers do the same work their subordinates do often to develop the environment of esprit de corps. This was mentioned by Fayol in his principles. Managers avoid face to face confrontation to maintain harmony. In Japan, employees develop close personal relationships as they interact outside the offices also more frequently. Japanese managers emphasize face to face communication instead of memos.
Leading in the United States
In the US culture the emphasis is on individualism. Leaders are seen as decision makers heading the group. They are expected to be directive, strong, firm, and determined. Written communication is given emphasis and managers value their private life.
Asian and American Leadership Styles: How are They Unique? 2005 article by Harvard Professor Prof D. Quinn Mills,
Updated 18 August, 2014, 10.2.2012, 11.12.2011