June 16, 2018

Supply Chain Cost Reduction

Industrial Engineering of Supply Chains


The cost reduction effort on any system will involve simplification effort. Systems are made complex by functional designers by adding various features. Industrial engineers in their quest for efficiency need to examine the contribution of various complex features to the profit potential of the system and need to simplify where needed.


Simplification Tools and Areas to Which They are Applicable



The product portfolio rationalization  -  Product Portfolio Planning

The product design - Design for Manufacturability

Part and raw material variety reduction - Standardization

Manufacturing processes - Implement  Lean, continuous flow mfg.

WIP inventory -                         Just-in-time

Finished goods inventory -         Build-to-Order

The distribution network -         BTO & ship direct

Order entry -                            Configurators & data links

The vendor base reduction -                     Vendor/Partnerships

Supply chain logistics -              Product line rationalization

Product design for lean production

Standardization


Books

The Supply Chain Cost Management: The Aim & Drive Process for Achieving Extraordinary Results

Hardcover: 256 pages
Publisher: AMACOM (October 31, 2007)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0814474756
ISBN-13: 978-0814474754
Topics


• identify critical costs in the supply chain

• measure secondary and tertiary costs

• develop strategic options

• reduce, change, or eliminate activities that produce costs

• implement an action plan

• verify the plan with cost monitors

• continually improve and modify the process

References

Excerpts from the Book: Build-to-Order & Mass Customization, David M. Anderson
http://www.halfcostproducts.com/scm_cost_reduction.htm

The Page http://www.halfcostproducts.com/index.htm is also very useful page to read

Supply Chain Industrial Engineering - Video Presentation

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Supply Chain Engineering - One Year Masters Course - Georgia Institute of Technology - IE School.


They should have titled the course

Supply Chain Industrial Engineering

__________________

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Interesting Web Pages and Blog Posts

7 ways everyone can cut supply chain costs
http://www.supplychainquarterly.com/topics/Strategy/scq201102seven/

How to Reduce Costs through Supply Chain Network Optimization
http://www.industryweek.com/planning-amp-forecasting/how-reduce-costs-through-supply-chain-network-optimization


Original Knol - 460

Updated 2018 - 17 June 2018

  17 June 2016,  4 July 2014, 24 Nov 2011, Earlier published on Knol


Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan - One Year Plan


January - February - March - April - May - June



Competencies for Senior Manager Positions and Roles



Pradip N. Khandwalla


Vikalpa October - December 2004
pp. 11 - 23

Senior Manager Competencies Groups - A to F

1. Contextual Sensitivity Competencies

2. Initiative Management Competencies

3. Innovations - Related Competencies

4. Resilient Problem Solving Competencies

5. Task Execution Competencies

6. Interpersonal and Leadership-related Competencies

Managing Change in Improvement Projects - Comfort Zone to Comfort Zone



Industrial engineers have to ensure employee comfort in every redesign of theirs.



Industrial engineers have to take care of comfort of the employees/operators/workers. While the basic focus of industrial engineering is speed, it has to consider the comfort of the operator along with it and any speed improvement in the machine or in human effort should not create any discomfort to the operator.

But a change in method can always create discomfort. The new method has to be learned by the operator. Recently there is a change in fares of taxis and autorickshaws in Mumbai and Thane. The meters are not changed for increase in fares but a new rate card is issued. Because a driver is not familiar with the new fare, he has to consult his card frequently to find the fare. So there is more work now for him. But after some more days, he will remember the computation and he need not consult the card.

Every change initiative goes through that process. The change managers have to assure the operators that the new process does not create any extra trouble for them once it is stabilized and also have to inform the operators the steps that they have taken to make the transition stage also comfortable.

The change management literature has to talk of comfort zone to comfort zone transition. I thought I brought up this idea today (24.10.2010), but I found an article by Nigel Brooks which is already there.
Migrating Through the Change Response Cycle From Comfort Zone to Comfort Zone

http://ezinearticles.com/?Migrating-Through-the-Change-Response-Cycle-From-Comfort-Zone-to-Comfort-Zone&id=1764426



A good detailed model of comfort zone to comfort zone is provided by Alasdair White. He talks of increasing skills which reduce anxiety in due course to take a person from a comfort zone with a steady state performance through a performance improvement zone to another level of steady state performance in a comfort zone. The idea is how enhanced performance comes with a person being always in comfort zone only even though skills are increasing and performance is increasing. Training and behavioral support must be provided adequately so that comfort zone is maintained.
Read Alasdair's article - From Comfort Zone to Performance Management: Understanding Development and Performance



Originally posted in
http://knol.google.com/k/-/-/2utb2lsm2k7a/3139

Updated on 2018 - 17 June 2018,
Updated on 4 July 2014, 2 Dec 2011,24 Oct 2010

June 15, 2018

Industrial Engineered Systems Installation - Installing Proposed Methods by Industrial Engineers


IE Redesign Implementation - Principle of Industrial Engineering

TAYLOR - NARAYANA RAO PRINCIPLES OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING


Industrial engineers study existing designs or proposed new designs of products and processes and come out with redesigns. Industrial engineers have full responsibility for implementing these redesigns. They have to become redesign implementation team members or team leaders and ensure that redesigns are implemented and give the productivity and cost reduction benefits, that were estimated in the economic analysis of the redesign.
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/06/ie-redesign-implementation-principle-of.html

In industrial engineering,  management is to be taught so that IEs successfully manage the planning and implementation of their redesigns.


Industrial Engineering

Installation of design is the biggest stumbling block said, Nadler [Nadler, 1955]. In many cases everyone contacted in step 6 and step 7 of method study process will approve of a method, yet there are some difficulties in installing new the method and getting the required changes made.
__________________________________________________________________

Steps in Method Study




1. Goal determination

2. Analysis of work

3. Application of principles of methods design

4. Selection of feasible solution

5. Formulation of recommended method/design

6. Review of design

7. Test of design

8. Installation of method

9. Standards setting



Installation of design is the biggest stumbling block said, Nadler [Nadler, 1955]. In many cases everyone contacted in step 6 and step 7 of method study process will approve of a method, yet there are some difficulties in installing new the method and getting the required changes made.


Steps in Installation of New Method




In general, installation of method calls for the following steps.


Approach to Foreman and Operator




If the analyst has reviewed the method and tested the method in cooperation with the foreman and the operator concerned, then the installation proper does not require selling the method. Otherwise, the first thing to do is to explain the foreman and the worker the details of the method and rationale for it.



Any approach to the worker should be made with and through the foreman or supervisor. Basic human relations principles are to be kept in mind in conversation with the worker. The worker needs to be explained the shortcoming of the earlier method from productivity/efficiency point of view so that he understands why the problem needs to be solved and cooperates. The suggestions of the worker are to be welcomed and incorporated into the proposed method at every stage. Even at this stage of preparing for installation of the method, the worker must be encouraged to give suggestions or ideas, so that the operator feels that he is contributing to the proposed method.



Economic fears of workers play an important role at the time installation of new methods. The industrial engineer should check the policies and procedures established by management in relation to these fears and use the information to gain the cooperation of operators. Especially important in some of the these situations is the policy regarding employees who are not required to be in the new method




Changes in product/production equipment/work place layout




This part involves obtaining authorization to complete the suggested changes in design of the product, material, equipment etc. After obtaining the authorization from the Committee or Executive responsible for authorizing such changes, they have to be sent to design department for incorporation in drawings. Orders are to be placed for various items required on the basis of new drawings (resourcing). After the materials, parts, tools and equipment arrive, the proper department in organization has to install them in the work place.



An important problem during the installation of a new method is how to avoid excessive losses in production. In some situations, this problem can be solved by dong the changes after working hours and on holidays. Planning has to be done to minimize loss of production.


Training of operators and other staff including foremen/supervisors




Since the new method will usually result in a change in hand patterns, the operators should be give some opportunity to learn the new method. Training in some cases may be an oral explanation for few hours. In some cases it could be extensive training off the job and on the job [Barnes, 1980].


Follow-up




Follow-up of the method is to be done after some time subsequent to the start of regular production under the new method. Foreman has the primary responsibility to ensure that the new method is followed and also to solve any difficulties that crop up in the new method. Supervisors are to be trained first in new methods. But the industrial engineer, who has played a key role in the development of the new method, has a responsibility to make sure that the new method is contributing up to the expectations through a review exercise.



Follow-up is probably most important for operations which are not continually running but are performed according to orders. In these cases the operator may forget much of what was learned of the new method. Foreman has greater responsibility to make sure that new methods are used in such circumstances. But checking by the industrial engineer or IE department technician occasionally is not unwarranted. It is like insurance on the investment of time and effort spent on the developing new method.


References




Barnes, Ralph (1980), Motion and time Study: Design and Measurement of Work, John Wiley, New York.


Nadler, Gerald (1955), Motion and Time Study, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Originally posted in
Knol Number 100


Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan - One Year Plan


January - February - March - April - May - June



July - August - September - October - November - December


Updated 2018 - 15 June 2018
 15 August 2017, 14 December 2011

June 14, 2018

Current Research in Industrial Engineering (IE)


2018

IISE 2018 Annual Conference

You can view and download conference papers from:
https://www.xcdsystem.com/iise/program/2018/

Prof. Narayana Rao published "Functions and Focus Areas of Industrial Engineering."

http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/07/functions-of-industrial-engineering.html

Please send an email to kvssnrao55 at gmail dot com for the copy of the published paper.


2017

Principles of Industrial Engineering

Prof. Narayana Rao published the paper "Principles of Industrial Engineering" in the proceedings of IISE 2017 Annual Conference and presented the paper in the conference on 23 May 2017.

You can download the full paper.
http://www.xcdsystem.com/iise/abstract/File7673/UploadFinalPaper_2569.pdf  - May not be available any more.

Presentation Video


Presentation in the IISE 2017 Pittsburgh, USA Annual Conference
________________

________________

All the conference papers are available in pre-publication format in the site
https://www.xcdsystem.com/iise/program/A20a5CK/  May not be available now.

The papers are available under the time slots indicated and the topic indicated. Download papers of your interest.

IISE 2017 Annual Conference Themes and Time Slots


ABET

... (21 May 8 - 9.20 am;)

Analytics

... Quality - Reliability (21 May 8 - 9.20 am;)
Advanced Analytics for Supply Chain (21 May 2 - 3.20 pm;)

...clustering and classification (23 May 2 - 3.20 pm;
...Data Analytics (21 May 5 to 6 pm;
...graph analytics (22 May  2 - 3.20 pm;

....Healthcare (22 May 8 - 9.20 am;  22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm; 22 May 5 to 6 pm; 23 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...health care patient centered (23 May 8 - 9.20 am;

...operations engineering (22 May 12.30  - 1.50 pm;
...predictive analytics - supply chain (22 May  2 - 3.20 pm;
...quality and reliability (23 May 5 to 6 pm;

... Sustainability (21 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...Transportation and automotive applications (23 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;

...Data driven modeling for  complex systems (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
... DD improving society (23 May 8 - 9.20 am;

...Data science ((21 May 5 to 6 pm;



Applied Industrial Engineering

Additive manufacturing processes

...(21 May 11 - 12.20 pm;  21 May  2 - 3.20 pm; 22 May 11.00  - 12.20 am; 22 May  2 - 3.20 pm;)
... quality (21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;

Biomanufacturing 

...(21 May 2 - 3.20 pm; 21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;)

Energy 

...(21 May 2 - 3.20 pm;
... advanced models power distribution (21 May 2 - 3.20 pm;
...data driven  (22 May  2 - 3.20 pm; 22 May 5 to 6 pm;
...modeling for energy efficiency in buildings (22 May 11.00  - 12.20 am;
...modeling and simulation (23 May 12.30 to 1.50;
... Renewable energy systems (21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...modeling microgrids (22 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...optimization models in power systems (22 May 12.30  - 1.50 pm;
...relaibility and quality (23 May 11 - 12.20 pm;
... and sustainability (22 May  2 - 3.20 pm; 22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;

Internet of Things

...Sensors  Human-systems  (21 May  2 - 3.20 pm;


Curriculum Development

...Assessment (23 May 12.30 to 1.50;
...(21 May 12.30 to 1.50;
...Course development (21 May 11 - 12.20 pm; 22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...Engineering education innovations (21 May 5 to 6 pm;
...Innovative pedagogy (21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm; 22 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...Small effect, big impact

Construction

... Means and Methods (21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...Smart and sustainable (23 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...sustainable and resilience (23 May 8 - 9.20 am;


Data Mining

...applications (23 May 2 - 3.20 pm;
.... health care (21 May 8 - 9.20 am; 23 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...social networks (23 May 2 - 3.20 pm;


Decision Support Systems

...Advances decision analysis (21 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...distributed decision making (22 May 8 - 9.20 am;
... Facility maintenance ((21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;

Design - Product Industrial Engineering

... (22 May 5 to 6 pm; 23 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
... and manufacturing (22 May  2 - 3.20 pm;
... manufacturability and cost modeling (22 May  2 - 3.20 pm;
... Reliability (21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;

Design of Experiments

...Optimal design (21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;

Disasters
...emergency response planning (22 May 12.30  - 1.50 pm;

Engineering Economy  

...(21 May 12.30 to 1.50;
...Energy and Defense (22 May 5 to 6 pm;
... Environment (21 May 2 - 3.20 pm;
...and pricing (23 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...Research (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;



Health Care

... (21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm; 21 May 5 to 6 pm;
...appointment scheduling (22 May 12.30  - 1.50 pm;
...assessing quality (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...capacity models (22 May 12.30  - 1.50 pm;
... Data driven decisions (21 May 12.30 to 1.50;
...emergency and response management (21 May 5 to 6 pm;
...Data analytics (21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
--- Process improvement(21 May 8 - 9.20 am; 21 May 11 - 12.20 pm;

... Advanced applications (21 May 5 to 6 pm;

... Delivery and transportation (23 May 5 to 6 pm;
... Diseases, treatments, interventions (21 May 11 - 12.20 pm;
...Disease management - OR applications (23 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...IIE transactions paper (22 May  2 - 3.20 pm;

...Management (21 May 8 - 9.20 am; 21 May 11 - 12.20 pm;
...Managing supplies and processes (23 May 2 - 3.20 pm;
...Medical decision making (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm; 22 May 5 to 6 pm;

... Models Innovative healthcare (21 May 5 to 6 pm;
...modeling and scheduling (23 May 11 - 12.20 pm;
...nursing planning and scheduling (22 May 5 to 6 pm;
...Lean ((21 May 5 to 6 pm;  23 May 12.30 to 1.50; 23 May 2 - 3.20 pm; 23 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...Operations (22 May 12.30  - 1.50 pm; 22 May  2 - 3.20 pm;
...operating room planning and scheduling (23 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...Optimization (23 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...safety (23 May 2 - 3.20 pm;
...scheduling and planning (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...simulation (22 May 8 - 9.20 am; 23 May 2 - 3.20 pm;
... Systems modeling (21 May 8 - 9.20 am; 21 May 8 - 9.20 am; 21 May  2 - 3.20 pm;
... Systems simulation (Logistics (21 May 8 - 9.20 am; 21 May  2 - 3.20 pm;
...vaccine distribution and management (23 May 11 - 12.20 pm;
...work flow modeling (23 May 2 - 3.20 pm;



Health and Safety

...Interventions for Health and Safety (21 May 8 - 9.20 am

Human Factors and Ergonomics

... Applications (22 May 5 to 6 pm;
... HF in health care (21 May 12.30 to 1.50; 21 May  2 - 3.20 pm;    21 May  2 - 3.20 pm; 21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...Macroergonomics, team, leadership (23 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;

.... Occupation ergonomics (21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm; 21 May 5 to 6 pm;

Industrial Engineers Career

...What managers want in IEs (21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;

Lean

...applications (22 May  2 - 3.20 pm;
...service industry (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...2.0 (23 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;

Logistics 


....(21 May 8 - 9.20 am;
... best papers - logistics (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm; 22 May 5 to 6 pm;

...drone
...Humanitarian (21 May 12.30 to 1.50

...public sector (22 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...Supply Chain Logistics (21 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...Humanitarian (21 May 2 - 3.20 pm;

...Retail (22 May 5 to 6 pm;
...Scheduling and Planning transport (21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...spare parts (23 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...Transportation optimization (21 May 11 - 12.20 pm;
...Vehicle recharging and refueling (21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
... Vehicle Routing (21 May 8 - 9.20 am

Management

... Resilience in Complexity (21 May 5 to 6 pm;

Management of Industrial Engineering Department and Function

...Administration issues (23 May 2 - 3.20 pm;
...lean leadership (22 May  2 - 3.20 pm;
...becoming resilient leader (23 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...managing like an engineer (23 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...secrets modern business success (23 May 2 - 3.20 pm;
...operating in national and global context (23 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...research based leadership (23 May 2 - 3.20 pm;

Manufacturing

... (21 May 11 - 12.20 pm;
... Data Driven Smart (21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm; (21 May 5 to 6 pm;
...education (22 May 5 to 6 pm;
...management and decision making (23 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...processes (22 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...sustainability (22 May 12.30  - 1.50 pm; 23 May 12.30 to 1.50; 23 May 2 - 3.20 pm;
...virtually guided (23 May 11 - 12.20 pm;

Maintenance

... Condition based (22 May  2 - 3.20 pm
...preventive (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...optimization (23 May 12.30 to 1.50;

Modeling and Simulation

...  (21 May 8 - 9.20 am; 22 May 12.30  - 1.50 pm;
...agent based (23 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...airports (22 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...biomass supply chains (23 May 11 - 12.20 pm;
... decision analysis (21 May 11 - 12.20 pm;
... degradation (21 May 5 to 6 pm
... emergency response (23 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...human performance (22 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...lean construction (22 May  2 - 3.20 pm
...in industry (22 May 5 to 6 pm;
...network modeling (22 May 11.00  - 12.20 am;
... Optimization ( 21 May  2 - 3.20 pm;
... Reliability (21 May 8 - 9.20 am;
... Service ((21 May 5 to 6 pm;
...Systems dynamics (23 May 5 to 6 pm;

Network Operation
...network applications (23 May 2 - 3.20 pm;
...security (22 May 8 - 9.20 am;


Novel applications (23 May 5 to 6 pm;


Optimization

...Advances in linear and integer programming theory (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm; 22 May 5 to 6 pm;
...Food industry (23 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...in homeland security (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...manufacturing and education (23 May 8 - 9.20 am;
... Novel techniques (21 May 5 to 6 pm;
...Queing theory (22 May 5 to 6 pm;
...and similation (22 May 5 to 6 pm;
...statistics and probability (23 May 8 - 9.20 am;

Performance Management


... (21 May  2 - 3.20 pm; 21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm; (21 May 5 to 6 pm;

Process Improvement - Process Industrial Engineering

...Agriculture and food processing (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
... Analyzing Data ( 21 May  2 - 3.20 pm;
...systems (22 May 12.30  - 1.50 pm;
...Facility design applications (23 May 8 - 9.20 am; 23 May 12.30 to 1.50;
...Facility Layout (22 May 5 to 6 pm;
...Facility planning (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...process design and planning (23 May 2 - 3.20 pm; 23 May 5 to 6 pm;
...safety (23 May 2 - 3.20 pm;

Process Monitoring

...using High dimensional data (21 May 11 - 12.20 pm;
...fault diagnosis (22 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...statistical (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;

Production Planning and Scheduling

... batch and lot sizing (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;

... cost and schedule (23 May 12.30 to 1.50;

... Manufacturing (21 May 8 - 9.20 am; 22 May  2 - 3.20 pm;
...Models (23 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;

... Flow shop scheduling (21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...scheduling production (22 May 5 to 6 pm; 23 May 2 - 3.20 pm;
...sequencing and scheduling applications (23 May 11 - 12.20 pm;

Productivity Management

...(22 May 11.00  - 12.20 am; 22 May  2 - 3.20 pm; 23 May 12.30 to 1.50; )
Links to download papers given in:
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.in/2017/06/productivity-management-research-2017.html

Professional Engineering Course Licensure - IE

... (21 May  2 - 3.20 pm;

Quality Control - Reliability

... (22 May 11.00  - 12.20 am;
best papers (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...energy systems (22 May  2 - 3.20 pm;
...growth (23 May 8 - 9.20 am;

Quantitative Methods

... (21 May  2 - 3.20 pm;
...Routing (22 May 8 - 9.20 am;

Order Picking
...(21 May 5 to 6 pm;

Professional Development
...(22 May  2 - 3.20 pm;

Resourcing


... Resource planning (21 May 5 to 6 pm;


Six Sigma

...(21 May 5 to 6 pm;

Socio-Technical Systems

... (21 May  2 - 3.20 pm;

Software engineering (23 May 5 to 6 pm;


Strategy
...(22 May 8 - 9.20 am;

Supply Chain


... Energy (21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...environment (22 May 12.30  - 1.50 pm;
...disruption management (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...game theory (23 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...global (23 May 2 - 3.20 pm;
...green (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...Innovation (21 May 5 to 6 pm;
...inventory management (23 May 2 - 3.20 pm;
...network design (22 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...production planning and scheduling (23 May 12.30 to 1.50;
... renewable energy (21 May 5 to 6 pm;
...risk management
...services (22 May 11.00  - 12.20 am;
... Supplier selection (21 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...Transportation topics (22 May 11.00  - 12.20 am;
...Unmanned aerial vehicles (22 May 11.00  - 12.20 am;

Sustainability


...infrastructure (22 May 12.30  - 1.50 pm;
..Maturity Assessment (21 May  2 - 3.20 pm;
... Organizational ((21 May 11 - 12.20 pm;
... Food distribution (21 May 5 to 6 pm;
...public policy making (22 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...systems management (23 May 5 to 6 pm;
...transport (22 May 5 to 6 pm;
... water (23 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;

Systems Engineering

... (23 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
... Aerospace (21 May 12.30 to 1.50;
...best papers (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
... Crime prevention and control (22 May  2 - 3.20 pm;
..evaculation planning, resilience (23 May 8 - 9.20 am;
... Military (21 May 11 - 12.20 pm;
...supply chain and transportation (22 May 5 to 6 pm;
... Systems Decision Making (21 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...systems design (23 May 8 - 9.20 am; 23 May 12.30 to 1.50;
...systems and optimization and analytics (23 May 12.30 to 1.50;
... Resilience and sustainability (21 May 12.30 to 1.50;
...Resilience (22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...Risk analysis (23 May 2 - 3.20 pm;

Warehouse  

...(21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;

Work Systems

...assessment of mental workload (23 May 12.30 to 1.50;
...design (21 May 5 to 6 pm;
...industry, labor and service systems (23 May 8 - 9.20 am; 23 May 12.30 to 1.50;
...measurment (22 May  2 - 3.20 pm;
...modeling (21 May 11 - 12.20 pm;




2014

Research Reported in Industrial Engineer Magazine

1. Economies of Scale and Economies of Numbers (What is going to be economical - Scaling up a plant or multiple small plants which are flexible?)
2. Warehouse Order Picking Efficiency.

Interesting question and answers


What are the recent trends in Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering?
https://www.researchgate.net/post/What_are_the_recent_research_trends_in_industrial_and_manufacturing_engineering

2013

Industrial Engineering Information Systems (IT Systems)

Industrial Engineering - Information Technology Systems - Productivity Improvement and Cost Reduction Processes

Lean Software Development and IT Enabled Services

Energy Industrial Engineering


Industrial Engineering For Efficient Energy Use
Energy Use Efficiency - IE for Energy Resource



Updated 3 July 2014, 14 Dec 2011


Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan - One Year Plan


January - February - March - April - May - June



July - August - September - October - November - December

Updated 2018 - 16 June 2018

 16 June 2017, 3 July 2014


June 7, 2018

Cost Of Ignorance - Knowledge Has Value


HOW REAL LEADERS MELT THE ICEBERG OF IGNORANCE WITH HUMILITY
May 26, 2018
https://corporate-rebels.com/iceberg-of-ignorance/

Ignorance - The Ultimate Expense

22 November 2016


James Morgan and Jeffrey K. Liker use this section heading in the book "Toyota Product Development System (page 213)", to highlight the need to develop deep knowledge in various persons working in an organization. In the absence of critical and advanced knowledge, brain storming is a suboptimal tool and solutions arrived will be suboptimal. Organizations need to have learning orientation and periodically they have to scan the environment to acquire new knowledge and include them in their mental as well as physical knowledge bases. The learning either explicit or tacit has to be converted into practice as appropriate to realize the benefits of learning or acquiring knowledge through explicit and tacit channels. Toyota gives explicit attention to learning, experimenting and practice to come out with quality products from the product development processes as well as manufacturing process.


10 July 2016

I saw a post in a Linkedin Community on Ignorance and wrote the comment that I developed the concept, Cost of Ignorance long back.  The search of my blog posts took me to a post in 2008.


2013
____________

____________

6 September 2008


Marketing and Marketing Concept
http://nrao-mgmt-smi-handbook.blogspot.in/2008/09/marketing-and-marketing-concept.html

I am writing articles on Google Knol platform with an intention to develop a management knowledge revision encyclopedia on the platform. I am calling it a revision encyclopedia as I want it to be useful to people who have studied the related texts and for the purpose of revising and refreshing their knowledge they read these articles. Knowledge workers have to make efforts to make sure that they bring all the appropriate principles into play when they are solving a problem or deciding an issue. Unless they make efforts to frequently revise the principles in various subjects related to management, managers cannot assure themselves or assure others that they are using all the relevant knowledge and taking right decisions.

Performing artists spend hours every day practicing their art and perform for three or four hours on a day. Many knowledge worker in contrast work a minimum of 8 hours per day. So they cannot study their knowledge material for an appreciable amount of time. But expecting them to spend at least half hour to sharpen their knowledge base in the brain is reasonable. Cost of ignorance is quite a large figure in the world. Knowledge workers also incur it and incur it for the organizations they are serving despite having certificates that attest that they have studied knowledge bases in a satisfactory manner. Knowledge base needs to be revised to make it useful when needed.

I specifically highlight the idea:

Cost of ignorance is quite a large figure in the world. Knowledge workers also incur it and incur it for the organizations they are serving despite having certificates that attest that they have studied knowledge bases in a satisfactory manner. Knowledge base needs to be revised to make it useful when needed.

The idea was again mentioned in 

26 April 2009

Narayana Rao K.V.S.S.

My aim is to provide revision or review articles for graduates of industrial engineering and management so that they can refresh their knowledge periodically. My effort of writing articles in all the subjects of the curriculum is to demonstrate that by appropriate committed effort, we can retain our learning of multiple subjects over a long period of time. 

Only when we retain a large number of principles in our brain, we take decisions properly when the occasion comes. According to me we are all incurring a huge amount of cost of ignorance.

My advocacy is the that knowledge workers have to make special efforts to retain, revise, refresh and update their knowledge.


I am happy to see that the idea has now captured the attention of many persons in the world

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May 13, 2018

Chief Digital Officer - Evolution of the Role



In year 2015, PWC team came out with the finding that "Chief Digital Officers" were present in 6% of the top 1500 organizations.

https://www.strategyand.pwc.com/reports/chief-digital-officer-study

Business are becoming digital as business data processing progressed to business transaction processing and from there to business data analysis in real time giving actionable information in marketing, production and maintenance areas. Thus catching customer attention has become a digital business activity now. Instantly informing a customer order and arranging delivery to the place where the customer is standing also became a digital activity now. Businesses have to adopted digital technology. Hence the role of CDO is evolving and becoming an important executive position in more and more companies.

2017

https://www.nicholasdevans.com/the-evolving-role-of-the-chief-digital-officer/