September 13, 2018

SAP ERP Controlling CO

Detailed information will be posted in due course of time.

First Steps in SAP Controlling (CO)
Ashish Sampat
Espresso Tutorials GmbH, 05-Sep-2015 - 205 pages

 This book offers a comprehensive introduction to SAP ERP Controlling (CO). You will learn the basic fundamentals of the organizational structure, master data, and functions of SAP Controlling, including overhead controlling, product costing, month-end closing, and reporting. If you would like to understand the basic fundamentals of SAP Controlling, with examples based on a case study approach, this book is for you! Using a fictional chocolate manufacturing company case study, you will learn fundamentals based on several day-in-the-life scenarios of various key functions such as cost planning, production controlling, actual costing, and information systems. Get detailed information on how SAP CO integrates with other SAP modules and obtain insight into the different functional areas typically used in manufacturing organizations. Dive into SAP ERP master data elements and get tips on how to maintain consistent and accurate data. Review the various planning methods available and get an overview of cost center planning, including overhead planning and labor cost planning. Understand how SAP Material Ledger can be used to accurately determine costs. Identify how actual costs are booked and absorbed. By using a detailed case study, practical examples, tips, and screenshots the author brings readers new to SAP CO quickly up to speed on the fundamentals.

- Cost center and product cost planning, actual cost flow
- Best practices for cost absorption using Product Cost Controlling
- Month-end closing activities in SAP Controlling
- Examples and screenshots based on a case study approach

Practical Guide to SAP CO-PC (Product Cost Controlling)
Tanya Duncan
Espresso Tutorials GmbH, 29-Jul-2014 - Business & Economics - 236 pages

 Because of its complex integration, Product Cost Controlling (CO-PC) is often regarded as the most challenging module in SAP ERP. In this book, you will learn the most important concepts, business processes, and configuration settings. By concentrating only on the essentials, this book will quickly enable you to use it as a supplementary reference guide for implementing or supporting SAP CO-PC. Screenshots of transactions and configuration are included to illustrate written content. This book also dives into CO-PC integration details with other modules and tips on how to properly configure and implement a highly integrated sub-module. This complete and simplified guide to configuration and business processes for SAP Product Costing covers:

* Introduction to Value Flows in SAP Controlling
* Step-by-Step Examples
* Configuration for Product Costing
* Detailed Month End Closing Processes

Practical Guide to SAP Cost Center Accounting
John Pringle
Espresso Tutorials GmbH, 13-Sep-2017 - 250 pages

 Are you taking full advantage of cost center accounting functionality in SAP (CO-CCA)? This book explains the core (and often underused) functionality in cost center accounting including basic planning, allocation, and reporting functions and delves into more advanced functions such as automatic planning functions, template allocations, accrual calculations, target costing, variance analysis, and marginal costs. Compare and contrast cost center planning in SAP ECC 6.0 and SAP S/4HANA and get up to speed on recent changes.

Explore the period end allocation processes that should be performed in cost center accounting and identify the differences between the different types of cost allocations and the benefits of each. Walk through methods for analyzing cost center costs and identify your options for variance analysis and posting cost center variances.
Dive into a typical manufacturing scenario including master data requirements, integrated planning, month-end processes, and reporting. By using practical examples, tips, and screenshots, the author brings readers quickly up to speed on the fundamentals of SAP Cost Center Accounting.

- Overview of cost center accounting in SAP
- Flow of actual values into cost center accounting
- Cost center planning in SAP ECC 6.0 and SAP S/4HANA
- Most important standard reporting options in SAP CCA

September 7, 2018

Creative Problem Solving - Process of Creative Thinking in Practice

Chapter 10 Mastering Creative Problem Solving
from the book -   Lifelong Creativity: An Unending Quest by Pradip N. Khandwalla

Models of Creative Problem Solving

Stages Models

Graham Walls
William Kirkwood

Simulation Models

Heuristic is mentioned in this model.

Some heuristics that mind uses are: try something counter-intuitive, make the familiar strange, generate hypothesis from an episode or a case, use analogies, account for exceptions, investigate paradoxical incidents, play with ideas, etc. 

'Primary Process' Thinking Models

Ernst Kris

In the primary process thinking many fluid contributions or syntheses take place as during reveries.  Analytical or evaluative activity takes during 'secondary process thinking.

Personality Trait and Emotion-Based Models

 Albert Rothenberg

Kirton Adaptation-Innovation Inventory


Todd Lubart and Isaac Geetz - Emotions play central role

David Carson and Mark Runco - Certain emotions negatively impact creativity

Cognitive Capabilities Models

Michael Mumford  - Creating super categories given some categories

Example: Given chair, couch, lamp and pictures coming out with a super category of furnishings.

Structured Problem-Solving Models

Kepner and Tregoe's Model

Sidney Parnes and Associates

Problem Solving Programme - Five Stages

1. Awareness of the 'mess' or problem situation
2. Fact finding, involving listing down or otherwise discovering all the facts pertinent to the problem situation.
3. Problem finding or fairly precise statement of what the problem is.
4. Idea finding, in which such techniques of divergent thinking as brainstorming are used to come up with a wide range of possible solutions.
5. Solution finding, in which the alternative proposed solution ideas are assessed against criteria of evaluation to generate a small number of feasible solutions.
6. Acceptance finding, or getting system to accept one of the feasible solutions.
7. Implementation of the selected solution, involving thinking through and planning the steps needed to implement the chosen solution

Dennis Brophy


Useful Mechanisms of Convergent Thinking

Clarificatory Mechanisms

Analytical Mechanisms

Synthesis Aiding Mechanism

Optimizing Mechanisms

Mechanisms of Divergent Thinking